Species of fish
  Here are some of the species of fish you might catch while fishing around Harstena. Click on the fish for larger pictures.

Salmon (Salmo salar)
Salmon   The Atlantic salmon is a bony fish belonging to the Salmon Family (Salmonidae). Elongated, fusiformed body, dark grey back, silver white sides with dark spots. The salmon fry stays for 2-3 years in the river where it was hatched before migrating to sea. It is then about 10-20 cm in size. It stays in the sea for a few years and then returns to spawn in the river where it was born.

Sea trout (Salmo trutta trutta)
Sea trout   The back is dark greenish brown, the rest is silver shiny with, especially in older specimens, numerous black spots. The tail fin is wide or rounded off. In spawning array the sea trout turns more reddish brown or greyish yellow with a more or less blackish belly and numerous dark brownish grey spots. The shiny sea trout is often simply called salmon. The looks of the young ones are about the same for all forms of trout and is similar to the salmon although the large side spots are more irregular and its shape is more ungainly.

Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Rainbow trout   The rainbow trout was brought here from America (via Germany) and is a member of the Salmon Family (Salmonidae). It is recognized by a reddish violet stripe on the middle of the sides. The rainbow trout has spots on its back and tail fins. Its requirements for temperature and water is less rigid than other members of the Salmon Family (Salmonidae) and is therefore easier to breed. A rainbow trout has rather light meat if it has been breeded, free-range rainbow trouts quickly develop more red meat and darker skin. In later years more and more fish breeding have started up and the rainbow, as it is commonly called, has become a popular dish. Rainbow trout is marketed under several different names. It is related in some way with most other members of the Salmon Family (Salmonidae) but mostly with the common salmon trout.

Whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)
Whitefish   The whitefish belongs to the Salmon Family (Salmonidae). It has an elongated (up to 60 cm) body covered by loose scales and is equipped with an adipose fin. The colour of the back can be grayish, blueish or brownish green. The sides and belly are silver shiny bordering on pink, the fins are greyish, greenish brown or partly reddish brown. The teeth are stunted or missing. The meat is white and tasty.

Pike (Esox lucius)
Pike   The pike is a member of the Salmon Family (Salmonidae). The pike has an elongated body and a single fin on the back close to the rear end. It has an olive colour with transverse yellow lines on the sides but the tint changes with its place of living. A one metre long pike weighing about 8 kilos is usually around 10 years old. The females are larger than the males which rarely weigh over 6 kilos. The pike is sexually mature about age 2-3. Spawning takes place early in the spring in shallow water. The pike is a predatory fish that eats every kind of fish, even other pikes and sometimes smaller birds and mammals. The pike likes to be in shallow creeks with lush vegetation and often has a favourite place where it waits for prey. The pike can be caught with a lure, casting rod or net.

Perch (Perca fluviatilis)
Perch   The perch lives in shoals and eats plankton when it is young. When it has grown up it is a predatory fish eating larvae, krill, fry, roach etc. The perch gets to be about 25 centimetres in length and weighs 0.2 - 0.3 kilos. The colour varies a lot depending on the water conditions and to a lesser degree on what it eats. The back is usually dark green and the sides have 5-7 black perpendicular stripes. On the rear end of the front back fin is a dark spot. The fins on the belly and tail are red. The perch is not a picky fish regarding the water but it needs a lot of oxygen and is therefore not often found below 2-3 meters depth. The perch spawns in April through June when the water temperature is 7 - 8°C. The perch is an appreciated and tasty fish that can be caught with most fishing tools.

Pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca)
Pikeperch   The pikeperch is more elongated than the perch from which it can also be distinguished by its colour. The front fin on the back has black spots. It is usually 30-60 centimetres long.

Baltic herring (Clupea harengus)
Baltic herring   The Baltic herring belongs to the Herring Family (Clupeiade). It is no more than 40 centimetres long. Not only found in the Baltic Sea but also in the Pacific Ocean, the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. It eats plankton. Varying supply of food, varying currents and temperature can lead to sudden migrations.

Cod (Gadus morhua)
Cod   The cod is a greyish or brownish bony fish. The head is very large, a quarter of the fish's length is made up by the head. Overbite, barbel and a bright line on the side are typical attributes. The colour can vary quite a bit and so can the shape of the body. The reddish brown cod gets its colour from the seaweed belts where it likes to be. Cod prefering sand bottoms gets the typical sand colour. On its back and sides the cod has light or dark spots.

Burbot (Lota lota)
Burbot   The burbot is a member of the Cod Family and lives primarily in fresh water but can also be found in the water around Harstena. It has an elongated body and a relatively wide head. The burbot, like the cod, has a barbel under the chin. The back is greyish or blackish brown with brighter spotty sides. It is best to catch the burbot during the time of its spawning which is December through February. The burbot must be skinned before cooked since the skin is very rough.

Eel (Anguilla anguilla)
Eel   The eel's body looks like a snake. The scales are small. The colour of the eel vary in different stages of its development. The fully grown eel, ready to migrate far out in the Atlantic Ocean in order to spawn, has a black back, metal shiny sides and a white belly. The females are larger and can be over one metre long. The males are normally only half as long.


Key map
Gryt's archipelago
Guided activities
Midsummer's Eve

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